Species profile

Genus Vitis
Species V. tiliifolia
Common name West Indian grape, Caribbean grape, water vine
Distribution Mexico and many other countries in the Americas and the Caribbean (Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Nicaragua, Panama, Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands and St Lucia)
Chromosome number 2n = 38
Morphological Description

It is a small to very large climbing shrub with thick, woody stems that can be 10 - 35 metres long and up to 20cm in diameter. The plant climbs into the trees and shrubs in the forest, supporting itself by means of coiled tendrils.Best known for the watery sap that can be obtained from the stems, the plant also yields a sour fruit, has local medicinal uses and can be used as cordage. The fruit, even when fully ripe, is too acid to be palatable, but it is utilized sometimes for making vinegar. The purple-black fruit is about 6 - 8mm in diameter.

Genome assembly


Phylogenetic tree

Population structure



Name: Berry weight   Scale: g


Author Title Journal Year PMID
Liang Z, et al. Whole-genome resequencing of 472 Vitis accessions for grapevine diversity and demographic history analyses Nature Communications  2019 30867414