Species profile

Genus Vitis
Species V. rupestris
Common name Sand Grape
Distribution United States 
Chromosome number 2n = 38
Morphological Description

Plants sprawling to low climbing, shrubby, much branched. Branches: bark tardily exfoliating in plates; nodal diaphragms to 1 mm thick; branchlets terete, usually glabrous, sometimes sparsely hirtellous, growing tips enveloped by unfolding leaves; tendrils absent or only at distalmost nodes, soon deciduous if not attached to support, branched, tendrils (or inflorescences) at only 2 consecutive nodes; nodes not red-banded. Leaves: stipules 3–6.5 mm; petiole 1/2 blade; blade reniform, conduplicately folded, 5–10 cm, apex acute to short acuminate, usually 3-shouldered, rarely shallowly 3-lobed, abaxial surface not glaucous, usually glabrous, visible through hairs, veins and vein axils sometimes sparsely hirtellous, adaxial surface usually glabrous. Inflorescences 4–7 cm. Flowers functionally unisexual. Berriesblack, slightly glaucous, globose, 8–12 mm diam., skin separating from pulp; lenticels absent.

Genome assembly


Phylogenetic tree

Population structure



Name: Berry weight   Scale: g


Author Title Journal Year PMID
Liang Z, et al. Whole-genome resequencing of 472 Vitis accessions for grapevine diversity and demographic history analyses Nature Communications  2019 30867414