Species profile

Genus Vitis
Species V. rotundifolia
Common name Muscadine
Distribution Southeastern and south-central United States
Chromosome number 2n = 38
Morphological Description

Plants usually high climbing or sprawling, sometimes shrubby, usually sparsely branched. Branches: branchlets terete to slightly angled, usually sparsely grayish arachnoid, glabrescent, growing tips not enveloped by unfolding leaves; tendrils along length of branchlets, persistent, tendrils (or inflorescences) at only 2 consecutive nodes; nodes sometimes red-banded. Leaves: stipules 1–2 mm; petiole mostly ± equaling blade; blade cordate to nearly reniform, 2–12 cm, rarely lobed, apex short acuminate, abaxial surface not glaucous, glabrous, visible through hairs, veins and vein axils sometimes sparsely to densely hirtellous, adaxial surface glabrous. Inflorescences 3–8(–10) cm. Flowersfunctionally unisexual. Berries usually black or purplish, sometimes bronze when ripe, glaucous, globose, 8–25 mm diam., skin separating from pulp; lenticels present.

Genome assembly


Phylogenetic tree

Population structure



Name: Berry weight   Scale: g


Author Title Journal Year PMID
Liang Z, et al. Whole-genome resequencing of 472 Vitis accessions for grapevine diversity and demographic history analyses Nature Communications  2019 30867414
Zhou Y, et al. Evolutionary genomics of grape (Vitis vinifera ssp. vinifera) domestication Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2017 29042518